Mosquito menace has haunted humans from ages, leading to innumerous human miseries; therefore scientists are researching groundbreaking methods to stall mosquito-borne diseases. It appears that one recent study has come forward with a solution—graphene.
Not only mosquito bites are unpleasant and itchy, they also come with a hoard of deadly wedges. Diseases like dengue, malaria, West Nile viruses and the Zika are mosquito borne and are transmitted by these pesky insects.
Actually, as per a WHO (World Health Organization) study, mosquitoes are tagged among the deadliest animal species on earth; malaria alone leading to 438,000 deaths in the year 2015.
While there are some products which are potential enough to minimize the mosquito bite risk, but the researchers of the fresh study have detailed that those chemical compounds are known to create human health or environmental side effects. Therefore, it is vital to come up with more operative methods of averting mosquito bites.
Scientists have been drawn towards graphene, the single- layered C atoms, because of its imposing properties. Graphene’s attractive characteristics include- its efficient heat and electricity conduction, sturdier than steel property and invisibility to naked eyes.
A fresh paper has been published in the magazine PNAS, which has detailed the investigation conducted to find graphene’s potentiality of invading mosquito bites.
As per the paper’s writers, some researchers have already began finding methods of expending graphene for creating different arrays of wearable techs to impart advanced purposes that consists of detecting, temperature regulation, energy storage and mechanical and chemical protection.
Researchers investigated that whether mosquitoes can bite through a graphene coat, similar to what they do through a light fabric. For this, an investigation was conducted. Human partakers were asked to insert their arm inside a mosquito filled box, having a small portion of their skin exposed. In another part of the study the skin was covered with cheesecloth. In the last trial, graphene was directly applied on skin, which was then enclosed with cheesecloth. The result showed that the uncovered and cheesecloth covered skin was bitten 5-20 times by mosquitoes through the 5 min trials. However, the graphene covered skin was left unharmed.
Further study found that graphene was able to disguise the skin, incapacitating the mosquitoes to detect it. This was the 1st research on Graphene property for evading mosquito bites, which could be developed with further research.