As per scientists, a love hormone, oxytocin is responsible for playing an important role in generating maternal and social behavior. In current years, tremendous attention has been received by the oxytocin structure in the human brain as important to new handlings for several mental health syndromes, like autism spectrum disorders, anxiety and postpartum depression. A group of cells have been discovered by a new research directed by a biologist along with his pupils at LSU, which are triggered by oxytocin in one region in the brain of female mouse which do not exist in the similar region in the brain of male mouse.
To investigate the difference among the oxytocin system in male versus female many researchers have been struggled, but conclusive evidence has found by no one successfully till now. Ryoichi Teruyama, who directed the study said that, their finding was a large surprise. The study was recently published in PLOS ONE. The cells of oxytocin receptor are present in the brain region thought to be involved in the regulation of maternal behavior. Additionally, in these cells the expression of oxytocin receptor only exists when estrogen is present too.
So, it is implied that these cells are tangled in counting maternal behavior. Moreover, it authorizes what several current human researchers have demonstrated: there is an association between postpartum depression and a transformed appearance of oxytocin receptors. Poor maternal health is donated by postpartum depression and bears negative effects on a development of a child. It has been found by a number of studies that, kids of depressed women are at danger for an extensive variety of emotional, cognitive, medical and behavioral problems. Hence, postpartum depression is a chief community health concern, which bears important adverse belongings on both, child and mother. Postpartum depression is experienced by nearly 10-20% of women after delivery.